Product of the Week – King Prawn

Melicertus latisulcatus (Western King Prawn) 
Melicertus plebejus (Eastern King Prawn)
Melicertus longistylus (Redspot King Prawn)

Other names:

Blueleg prawn, eastern prawn, ocean king prawn, sand prawn (Eastern), western prawn (Western), red spotted prawn (Redspot).

Family:

Penaeidae (penaeid prawns).

Description:

Have a cream to light brown body, with legs and tailfin a distinctive bright blue in the Western and cream in the Eastern. Redspot has a distinctive red spot on each side of the body shell. Available wild-caught, these are marine and estuarine-dwelling Prawns, with adults found offshore on a range of bottoms (rock, sand, mud and gravel) to depths of over 220m, and juveniles preferring estuaries or shallow coastal waters. Western have the widest distribution, found around the Australian coast except for NSW, Victoria and Tasmania and mainly trawled at night off SA and WA, but also off NT and Queensland. Eastern are found from Bass Strait east to Rockhampton and are an important fishery off Queensland and NSW, and to a lesser extent Victoria. Redspot are found around the northern Australian coast from Rockhampton to Shark Bay, WA, usually near coral reefs, and are trawled at night, mainly along Queensland’s eastern coast as far north as Cape York.

Season:

Available year round with peaks from February to June. The NT fishery is closed from December to March and again in July.

Size and Weight:

Commonly 40-50g and 10-21cm body length, with Eastern the largest and Redspot the smallest. Eastern can grow to 30cm.

Price:

High priced, with larger prawns fetching the highest prices and Western and Redspot generally cheaper than Eastern.

Relations:

Other Penaeidae prawns, such as Banana and Tiger Prawns.

To Buy:

Look for brightly coloured, firm, intact, lustrous shells, without any discolouration, particularly at joints, and a pleasant fresh sea smell. Prawns are highly perishable in their raw state and so are often frozen or boiled at sea as soon as they are caught. If cooking with Prawns, buy green (raw) Prawns, as cooked Prawns will toughen if reheated.

To Store:

Leave Prawns in their shells until just before using and store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days or freeze for up to 3 months below -18ºC. Once thawed, frozen Prawns should not be refrozen.

To Cook:

Average yield is 45%. Has a rich flavour, low-medium oiliness moist flesh with a medium-firm texture. Flesh is translucent when raw and white with pinkish bands when cooked. After removing the head from a fresh green Prawn, hold the Prawn straight and gently pull the end of the digestive tract (from the head end), it will usually come out in one go. If it breaks off, use a thin skewer to hook it out from the back. In cooked Prawns, cut the back open to remove the digestive tract.

Cooking Methods:

Steam, poach, deep-fry, pan-fry, stir-fry, grill, barbecue. The firm flesh holds together well in soups and curries and threaded on skewers for kebabs. Like all seafood, Prawns require very little cooking. It is always better to undercook, rather than overcook, them, as they will continue to cook in the residual heat. King Prawns have a particular tendency to become tough if not handled correctly.

Goes well with:

Butter, chilli, garlic, ginger, herbs, lemon, lime, mayonnaise, olive oil, salad greens, soy sauce, tomato.

Alternatives:

Other Prawns, Bugs, Marron, Redclaw, Rocklobsters, Yabby.

Imports:

Similar species are imported, mainly from South East Asia. Vannamei Prawns (Litopenaeus vannamei) and Paradise Prawns (Litopenaeus Stylirostris) are 2 of the most common imported prawns.

Recipes:

Barbecued Chermoula Prawns with Chickpea Salad >
Barbecued Coriander & Pepper Prawns >
Easy Prawn Ravioli with Citrus Dressing >
Hand Rolled Sushi Cones (Temaki-zushi) > 
Laksa Lemak (Spicy Noodle Soup) >
Potted Prawns >
Prawn & Avocado Tacos >
Prawn Bisque >
Prawn Cocktail > 
Prawn Fried Rice > 
Prawn Salad with Chilli, Cucumber & Watercress >
Prawn San Choy Bow >
Prawn Sushi Cake > 
Prawn Toast > 
Prawns with Mango & Chilli Dipping Sauce >
Prawns with Zucchini, Tomato & Mint Salsa >
Satay Udang (Prawn Satay) >
Steamed Prawn Dumplings >
Steamed Tiger Prawns with Chinese Rice Wine, Ginger & Green Onions >
Stir-fried Ginger & Honey Prawns >
Stir-fried Prawns & Cucumber in Tamarind Sauce >
Stir-Fried Prawns with Red Capsicum & Broccolini > 
Sugar Cane Prawns >
Surf & Turf >  
Vietnamese Fresh Rice Paper Rolls > 

Mixed Seafood Dishes
Black Handkerchief Pasta with Seafood & Tomato Sauce > 
Hot & Sour Seafood Soup (Tom Yum) >
Lemony Seafood Crêpes > 
Linguine ai Frutti di Mare > 
Mini Seafood Spring Rolls with Plum Sauce > 
Mixed Tempura >
Satay Lilit (Balinese Minced Fish Satay) >
Seafood Gumbo > 
Seafood Hotpot >
Seafood Pie with Leek, Garlic & Chives > 
Seafood Risotto > 
Spicy Seafood Noodles (Char Kway Teow) > 
Vietnamese-style Stuffed Squid with Asian Slaw >

Post credit | Sydney Fish Market

  • The fisherman’s co-op is your one stop shop for both a tasty seafood lunch and to purchase fresh seafood for dinner. Highly recommended the fisherman’s basket for two, it was easily enough to fill both our bellies. We then purchased a fresh kilo of prawns to take home.

    “Seafood lunch and fresh fish takeaway”

    via Trip Advisor
  • Best cooked fish and chips I have had in so long and I live in a fishing town. Fish was fresh and cooked to perfection.

    “Yummy!” – Visited January 2017

    via Trip Advisor
  • We came to buy a selection of fish and seafood for a BBQ later that day. The choice was first class, and the service good. The fish was very fresh, and we enjoyed the snapper cutlets, the marlin steak and the prawns. Delicious!

    “Excellent fish shop” – Visited February 2017

    via Trip Advisor
  • My wife and I ordered grilled swordfish. It took some time until it was done, but then we each got a nicely grilled piece about the size of a T Bone steak. Our daughter liked the salad. It might not be the place for a formal dinner but if you are hungry for fish at a reasonable price it’s certainly worth going there.

    “Excellent fish”

    via Trip Advisor
 

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